Dear Friends,

Today we discuss the topic of a very common condition that causes many illnesses and incapacitate people—that which has been illustrated above.

Yes, that is Hypertension, commonly referred to as high B.P.

The normal B.P. of a healthy person is measured as mm of Hg[mercury] and it is 120/80 mm of Hg.

Why is hypertension so important?

In my early days as a student of Medicine and later on as a practicing physician, I have come across different presentations of a hypertensive patient. I would like to share a few of these experiences-

A] I was in the second MBBS and attending my ophthalmology clinic when we were called upon to see a patient who complained of a sudden loss of vision. We were told to check his B.P.—it was 220/120 mm of Hg. He had suffered from a condition called hypertensive retinopathy.

B] In the early days of my practice I got a call one early morning that one person had collapsed and was unable to move his right side limbs and had a severe headache. This person had suffered a stroke due to intracranial hemorrhage. His B.P. was 150/110 mm of Hg.

C]Another case visited my home in the early morning[at about 2.30 a.m.]  one day with c/o pain in the neck and feeling uneasy. His B.P was 90/60 mm of Hg and had irregular heartbeats. This patient had suffered a heart attack.

D]A patient was brought in my clinic one day with c/o severe weakness and headache. His B.P. was 160/110 mm of Hg, his pulse was weak, had swelling of the feet and was overweight. His breathing was labored and was unable to walk without support. Blood investigations and sonography was done which revealed that he had chronic kidney failure.

What are the effects or complications of Hypertension?

So, in short, blood pressure can cause many illnesses. The illustration below will show its complications:-

In my next blog, I will be explaining more about hypertension and ways to control it. To know more about Hypertension and its effect, click here.


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