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Complications of Obesity
OBESITY Part 2-Know Your BMI, Waist to Hip Ratio

 

Obesity-How to Measure It

Introduction

Obesity or being very fat has been on the rise by the day.
In this article, we are going to discuss how to define if one is obese or not in other words, to measure Obesity.

Why is knowing Obesity more important today?

As you can see in the picture above the title, being obese can cause many complications. Some of these like high blood pressure, stroke, and diabetes are very important for leading a healthy life.

Are there any ways to a way to measure this fattiness?

Yes, there are and they are as follows:-

1]Body Mass Index

Popularly known as BMI, this is calculated by dividing your body weight by your height in square meters. 

2] Waist and Hip Circumference

The waist to hip ratio also helps whether you are obese

3] Basal Metabolic Rate

The Basal Metabolic Rate or simply BMR is the energy that the body requires at rest to carry out its bodily function while resting. The lower the BMR the better. To know more about your BMR, click here

4]Body Fat Measurement

Nowadays there are many gadgets that can measure the amount or quantity of fats in our body.
Measuring skin thickness is one way of doing it. I use this gadget in my Clinic body fat analysis-

Digital body fat analyzer
Digital body fat analyzer

 Ideal Body Weight

I would now like you to know how to calculate your ideal body weight first. There is a simple formula to do this- you can calculate by using this formula-
A] Men:- 52+ 1.9 kg per inch over 5 feet.
[For eg., if you are 5 feet 6 inches, your ideal body weight will be 52+ 1.9 x 6= 63.4 kg]
B] Women:- 49+ 1.7 kg per inch over 5 feet.

Having specified the methods, now let us analyze them one by one-

1] Your BMI:-

In the Western countries, where climatic conditions and eating habits are different, the Body Mass Index values to differentiate Normal To Obese are as follows{as shown in the picture below}:-

a]Normal-below 25kg/sq.mtr.
b]Underweight:-below 18kg/sq.mtr.
c]Overweight[Grade 1]:-25.00 to 29.9kg/sq.mtr.
d]Overweight [Grade 2]:-30.0 to 39.9 kg/sq.mtr.
e]Overweight [Grade 3]:- above 40 kg/sq.mtr.[this is also called morbid obesity]
In India, this definition of BMI is slightly different, as shown below:-
a]Underweight:- Below 18 kg/sq.mtr.
b]Normal :- 18.0 to 22.9 kg/sq.mtr.
c]Overweight:- 23 to 24.9 kg/sq.mtr.
d]Obese :- above 25 kg/sq.mtr.
You can also calculate your ideal body weight, BMI and body fat by using this calculator-

In India, we will be looking to treat those having a BMI above 23.0 kg/sq.mtr. These people are not necessarily fat. They have central obesity. Meaning that their girth around the trunk or the waist is more. Some researchers call an obese Indian a thin fat man.
2] Your Waist Circumference:- A simpler way to know if you are overweight/obese is to measure your waist circumference. Do this by measuring the circumference of the trunk just above the naval button.

Measurement of Waist and Hip
Waist and Hip measurement to calculate WHR

Likewise, you can measure the circumference of your hip by using a measuring tape around the maximum point around the torso.
The table below shows the different categories of individuals based on waist circumference.
Table 1

Gender
     ⇓
Waist size ⇒ Normal range Overweight Obese
Men 90 cm 90- 99 cm >100 cm
Women 80 cm 80-89 cm >90 cm

 

The Waist to Hip Ratio-

Now calculate your waist to hip ratio by dividing the value of the waist by the value of the hip.
A waist to hip ratio of 0.80 in women and 0.90 in men is considered ideal. Any value above this is a sign of either being overweight or obese.

How do these measurements help-

Now that you know how to calculate these measurements, you can determine if you are-

  • Normal
  • Overweight
  • Obese
  • Severely Obese

Knowing this can make you aware of your present health condition and take steps to overcome health issues like heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, etc.
Circumference of Your Waist is Directly Proportional to Your Weight! Click To Tweet

You can control obesity by staying active and becoming less sedentary. Click here to know how.

Prudent Diet- 2- Four Tasty Recipes to Lose Weight and Reduce Cholesterol

PRUDENT DIET-2

4 TASTY RECIPES TO LOSE WEIGHT AND REDUCE CHOLESTEROL

In this concluding part of my recipes to help reduce weight, I provide 4 more recipes that you can use in your lunch and dinner.

My Recipe for Lunch/Dinner:-

1] Rajma { kidney beans} Saar -192 cals.

  • ½ bowl rajma-33 gms-soak overnight-42 cals.
  • 10-11 pod garlic-5 gms-7 cals.
  • 2-5 Dry red chilies -10 gms-4 cals.
  • 1 tsf VIVO oil-5 gms-40 cals.
  • 1 green banana-100 gms-89 cals-chopped into 6-8 pieces.
  • 1 tsf salt

Boil rajma in a pressure cooker for 3 whistles. Heat the oil in a kadhai {pan}. Add crushed garlic pods+dry red chilies till sputtering starts. Add cooked rajma with water. Add 1tsp salt.

Cook the cut banana separately in water for 3 minutes and add it to the above mixture and cook it on low flame for 10 minutes. Your rajma dish is ready to eat.

2] Egg white Bhurji {scramble}-105 cals.

  • Boil 2 eggs. De-shell and discard the yellow part-34 cals.
  • Chop ½ onion -38 gms-16 cals.
  • Chop 1 green chilly + 1 spoon coriander [cilantro] leaves-5 cals.
  • ½ tomato -10 cals.
  • 1 tsf VIVO oil-5 gms-40 cals.

Heat 1 tsf oil-5 gms-40 cals-in a pan. Add chopped onion + tomato+ chilies +coriander leaves. Add ½ tsf turmeric [haldi] powder. Add egg whites and cook on low flame for 5 minutes. Your egg white bhurji is ready to eat.

3] Dal{Lentil} Tadka-236 cals.

  • Cook ½ bowl Toor dal in 2 glass water-35 gms-120 cals
  • 1 tsf VIVO oil-5 gms-40 cals.
  • ½ onion-38 gms-16 cals. Chopped.
  • ½ tsf cumin seeds {jeera}-2.5 gms-10 cals.
  • ½ tsf mustard seeds {rai}-2.5 gms-20 cals.
  • Curry leaves {Kadi patta} -10 to 11 leaves-15 cals.
  • Chili powder ½ tsf-7.05 cals;
  • turmeric[haldi] powder-1/2 tsf-7.8 cals
  • Salt to taste.

Heat oil in a kadhai. Add the chopped onion and stir till it becomes slightly brown. Next add cumin seeds, mustard seeds, curry leaves, turmeric powder, chili powder, and heat till the seeds sputter. Lastly, add cooked dal with its water and salt and mix it thoroughly and cook for 10 minutes. Your dal tadka is ready to eat.

4] Beet root upkari[112 cals]:-

This is a delicious dish using beetroot and very simple to make.

  • Take ½ cup of beetroot [37 cals.] chopped lengthwise.
  • Take 1 spoon Vivo oil [40 cals.] in a pan and heat it.
  • Add ½ spoon mustard seeds [20 cals.] and heat till it sputters.
  • Add a few curry leaves [15 cals.], chopped green chilies [ 0 cals.] and then add the chopped beetroot and cook with ½ glass [50 ml] water.
  • Add salt to taste.

You can eat this dish with chapatti {Indian bread} or rice and dal tadka.

You can use these dishes one at a time in your main course. They have great taste as well as the ability to reduce weight by cutting down the calories.

CHOLESTEROL LEVEL MANAGEMENT

Cholesterol level management and you- how to do it for best heart health

Having discussed the ‘Good’,’Bad’, and ‘Ugly’ cholesterol in my last article, today we will learn the ways for cholesterol level management for a hale and hearty life.

An increase in cholesterol levels, especially the ‘bad’ and ‘ugly’ ones, above normal level induces deposition of fats in the arteries of our circulatory system by a process termed atherogenesis. This, in turn, leads to a rise in blood pressure and the formation of blocks in the coronary[heart] arteries.

In laboratory blood tests called the Lipid Profile, we lookout for all of the above-mentioned cholesterol levels. Broadly speaking, I would look out for these results:-

  1]Total cholesterol=HDL+LDL+VLDL     

 2]  Non-HDL cholesterol=Total cholesterol -HDL cholesterol. 

 3]Triglycerides   

 4] Total cholesterol/HDL Ratio   

 5]LDL/HDL ratio.

In one of my earlier posts[see Diabetes+Hypertension-a deadly duo-how to prevent effects of both-Part 2] on 20th December 2018, I have mentioned what levels of cholesterol we have to watch out for. In today’s article, I will focus on simple day-to-day remedies other than medicines, for abnormal test findings. As far as medication is concerned, you should consult your family physician if your cholesterol levels are very high. I will also provide a list of commonly prescribed medicines at the end of this discussion.

How is cholesterol formed in our body?

By the way, did you know how cholesterol is formed in our body? I came across one very interesting article written by Dr. Joel Yong who has explained in a very concise manner. Read it here to understand how it is formed so that you may be able to control it without medicationsDr.Joel Yong

How do you manage the different types of cholesterols-

You can manage your cholesterol levels by-

  1. Regular exercise
  2. Proper diet

Having said this, I will now focus on how to increase the ‘Good’ cholesterol HDL and how to decrease ‘Bad’ cholesterol LDL, VLDL, and TGL.

A] How to increase HDL:- Normally, HDL level ranges from 40 to 65 mg/dl in a person with optimal total cholesterol level and higher the HDL level, better the chances for protection from premature heart attacks. However, with an increase in other non-HDL cholesterols, there is a substantial decrease in HDL. Consider these options for increasing  HDL:-

  1. Have a diet rich in carbohydrates with high levels of fibers in it{oats, quinoa, etc.,} and low in fats.
  2. Diet rich in mono-saturated fats such as lean meat, avocado, olive oil, canola oil, rice bran oil, etc. increase HDL.
  3. Niacin- a B-complex vitamin, also known as vitamin B3-is known to increase HDL. Foods rich in niacin or vitamin B3 are chicken liver and breast, tuna fish, salmon, mushrooms, peanuts, green peas, brown rice, etc.
  4. Daily exercise for weight loss—HDL levels increase by 1-2 mg/dl for every 3.5 to 5.00 kg weight loss. A crash diet causes weight loss through loss of water from the body and is not a true weight loss and therefore does not increase HDL. Here, walking briskly for 30 to 45 minutes daily followed by a high-intensity exercise for 5 to 10 minutes, come handy as it tends to burn fats in form of calories thereby reducing weight as well as total cholesterol. Of course, a prudent diet is also a must along with walk and exercise. 

B] How to decrease LDL and VLDL:- 

Raised LDL  cholesterol levels [LDL above 120 mg/dl ] and VLDL levels[above 20 mg/dl] can be brought under control by the following these simple steps:-

  • Bodyweight reduction by 5 kg is known to bring down LDL cholesterol by 5%. Brisk walking, jogging, cycling, etc. helps in reducing weight in 4 to 5 months.
  • Having about 25 to 50 g of nuts like almonds, walnuts, hazelnuts, etc. daily can reduce LDL by 8-12 %.
    Different types of dry fruits for cholesterol levels management
    Dry fruits to manage cholesterol levels
  • Having 5 to 10 g soy proteins [tofu, soy chunks] on a regular basis, first-class proteins like egg whites only [yolk{yellow part} in 1 egg contains 280 mg cholesterol] can reduce LDL by 5%.
  • Sat-isabgol [psyllium husk]-a soluble fiber, about 5 to 10 g per day can reduce LDL by 5%.
  • Avoid butter and ghee[clarified butter]-instead have Nutralite butter spread, Amul Lite bread spread about 1 to 3 g/day—this can reduce LDL by 5%.

If you follow all the above instructions, your total LDL reduction will be about 25 to 30%.

Having said this, your risk of having a heart attack reduces by 10% on reducing LDL and VLDL by 10%  and 90 % on reducing LDL by 30%.

C] How to decrease Triglycerides [TGL]:- 

Now we come to the topic of Triglycerides-TGL-the ugly cholesterol. Triglycerides are fats consisting of 3 molecules of fatty acids [we will come to this in my next article] combined with 1 molecule of alcohol glycerol. Calories that are consumed during meals but not needed by the body for immediate use, are stored in the form of triglycerides and are stored in fat cells and released when the body needs it in between meals. A high level of TGL, also called hypertriglyceridemia, can lead to inflammation of the pancreas, referred to as pancreatitis, which in the future can lead to diabetes. So it is essential that this ‘ugly’ cholesterol be controlled effectively to avoid complications. Normal TGL level range is 100 to 150 mg/dl where 100 mg/dl is more desirable than 150 mg/dl. So, how do we control it? Consider these points:-

  • TGL rises by having foods with a high glycemic index such as refined flour, white bread, alcohol, pastries, soft drinks, etc.—avoid these foods especially in your dinner. People tend to avoid regular breakfast and lunch in the hope that it will bring down weight and have a heavy meal at night—this should be reversed. Having a heavy breakfast, a moderate lunch and a light dinner are highly recommended.
  • TGL is high in overweight and obese people. A weight reduction of 5% can bring down your TGL level by 50%. Even without weight loss, TGL will reduce substantially by regular exercise and that includes brisk walking for 40 to 45 minutes, high-intensity training for 5 to 10 minutes, jogging,
    A healthy walk in the park for cholesterol levels management
    Healthy walk in the park to improve your cholesterol levels
    weight training in a gym, swimming, cycling for 30 to 40 minutes daily.
  •  Food rich in Omega-3 polyunsaturated fats {like fish oil} and alpha-linolenic acid {like oils of flaxseed, canola, mustard, soybean; nuts like almonds, walnuts, peanuts; tofu- a soy product} also helps in reducing TGL.

Having said this and understanding how to reduce cholesterol levels without medicines, we will now discuss the medicines used to bring down cholesterol. One should remember that these are prescription medicines and are to be used only under the supervision of your family physician as they have side effects.

Medications for Cholesterol level Management

They are broadly classified as:-

  1. Statins like atorvastatin[eg. Atocor, Atorvas] rosuvastatin[eg. Rosufit, Rosuvas];
  2. Fibrates such as fenofibrate[eg. Fenolip];
  3. Niacin[eg. Nialip];
  4. Fish oil capsules[eg. Seven Seas Capsules].

These medications are used by physicians all over the world in patients who are at risk of heart diseases like hypertension, angina, diabetes, recent heart attack and obesity.

Finally, one should understand that:-

a] High HDL levels are anti-atherogenic;

b] High LDL and TGL levels are atherogenic.

It is very important to keep them at normal levels for a “healthy heart” and “healthy life” and you should consult your family physician if they are abnormal.

 To know about some foods that you can have which help in reducing your cholesterol,  Click here

In my next article, I will discuss the `good’ and the bad’ fats in our diet with some interesting and nourishing recipes using these fats judiciously and which will help manage your cholesterol levels.

WALKING-HOW IT HELPS IN HYPERTENSION AND DIABETES-Part 2

Dear friends,

In my last post,I wrote about the number of steps one should walk to burn those extra calories lurking in our body as fats and cholesterol which are harmful to heart as well causing diabetes[the fats in our belly,known as VISCERAL FATS causes a condition called Insulin Resistance]. As said earlier, one step is equivalent to 0.04 cals.,so if we walk about 10000 steps per day we may burn up about 400 cals. As 1250 steps amounts to 1 km,10000 steps will be 8 kms. This is not achievable every day. A brisk walk can cover up about 3.5 to 4.0 kms in about 45 minutes i.e. roughly 5000 steps. Remaining 5000 steps you will cover up in your day-to-day activities like household works,climbing stairs etc.

Now coming to on how one should start a regular walking program and how many times a week.Many of patients who come to me for weight management have multiple problems like arthritis,asthma,very heavy body[BMI above 35],high blood pressure,diabetes etc. The typical questions they ask and my answers to them are given below:-

1] I have severe knee joint pains,is walking advisable for me? My answer is yes,you have to. The reason is,because the arthritis-called osteoarthritis- has been caused by your weight.The more you are inactive due to pain,the more your leg muscles get stiff. Start with a small walk slowly daily till you get a feel of it i.e. get used to the minor pain and slowly improve the tempo day by day. The stiffness in the leg muscle disappear gradually and then over the days your gait will improve and you will walk faster till you achieve your goal. Of course, you have to consult your health provider for ways to relieve pain and treat your arthritis[I will cover up on the treatment of arthritis in a separate post shortly]. Walking also helps in releasing endorphins [the natural pain killer produced by our body] which helps in reducing pain.

2] I am taking treatment for high B.P.,will walking increase my B.P.? The answer is no,it will not. On the other hand, walking releases stress and will help reduce your B.P.

3] I have diabetes,how will walking help me? The answer is yes,walking helps to burn up excess sugar in the blood.

4] I have arthritis of knees and have to climb up and down the stairs-what precaution should I take? My answer—hold on to railings if you are aged and climb slowly,no need to hurry[other precautions I will cover in the section on arthritis].

5]Should I walk or jog? My answer–walk if you are overweight,jog if you are not. Jogging can damage the weight bearing joints like knees and ankles in an overweight person.

Having said all this, I will discuss more about when and how to walk in my next post.If you have any queries regarding walking,you may ask in my leave a comment section or write to me on vasu56deva@gmail.com.

Wish you pleasant and fruitful walking.

  

Diabetes+Hypertension–a deadly duo–how to prevent effects of both-Part 1

Hi friends,

I have been in medical practice for almost 35 years and in that journey of 35 years I have had to face many challenges in diagnosing and treating patients . Today I am about to share some of my experiences which will teach you how to handle the situation if you happen to face such a medical calamity.

20 years ago during one of such winter night around 2.00 a.m., I had a visitor–let us name him Mr.R– at my second floor home who came complaining of pain in the neck region and a burning sensation in the throat. Mr. R was 52 years old and had been a regular visitor to my clinic for treatment of diabetes[high blood sugar] and hypertension[high B.P.]. But today it was different–he was appearing pale,he was sweating profusely and had a look as if he had faced impending death. I felt his pulse which was very feeble and irregular, checked his B.P. which was 90/60 mm of Hg[low],he was breathing with difficulty[breathless],which was probably due to climbing stairs of my 2 floors home. He was feeling very uneasy. My diagnosis was that Mr.R had a HEART ATTACK. Without telling him so[to ensure that he did not panic],I casually told him”Let us visit the hospital” and personally took him to the hospital in my car.On reaching the emergency department,I ordered for a immediate ECG[electrocardiogram],which showed that Mr.R had suffered a massive heart attack. I immediately called for a Cardiologist,spoke to him on the phone,briefing him regarding Mr.R`s condition and admitted him in the ICCU[intensive cardiac care unit].Mr.R survived, having undergone bypass graft surgery later and is still visiting me for followups.He is now 72 years old,but is now a very disciplined person with well controlled sugar and B.P. A picture below will show you briefly what to expect in a heart attack:-

Heart Attack Symptoms
HEART ATTACK SIGNS 


Coming back to Mr.R. At that time he was having a stressful job with shift duties,no proper time for eating food or getting some exercise,was a regular consumer of alcohol and was short-tempered—all a perfect combination for landing him in the above situation. As said earlier,with regular visits to my clinic and proper counselling, he now lives a very disciplined retired life[he had taken voluntary retirement soon after his bypass surgery].

So, if you have observed above,this patient had both diabetes and hypertension. Now the question is,could Mr.R have prevented this outcome? Answer is yes. Kindly follow the instructions noted below:-

A] If you are having Diabetes:-

      1] Regular bloods sugar checking—fasting and post-lunch; sometimes  random,to show that you are not going into hypoglycemia[low blood glucose].

     2] Check HbA1c[ glycosylated hemoglobin] levels once every 3 months.This gives you a fair picture of your diabetes control in past 3 months.

B] If you are having hypertension:-  

      1]Check your Lipid profile[serum cholesterol].This is because,increasing cholesterol  levels increases the chance of your arteries-both peripheral and coronary[of heart]-narrowing which leads to increase in blood pressure as well as blockages in the coronaries. To be done every 6 months.

     2]Check your Renal profile[Kidney function test]. A healthy kidney  ensures that all impurities like urea,uric acid,creatinine etc. are removed from the circulation. In hypertension,there are chances of kidney being damaged leading to rise in the above mentioned impurities. To be done every 6 months.

C] If you are having both diabetes and hypertension:-

      Do all the tests recommended in A and B.

Having  said all this, I will now move on to interpretation of above tests and what to do if they are abnormal in my Part 2 of this series in next blog. If you have any queries and / suggestions,be free to do so in leave a comment section.I will be glad to reply all of them. 

OBESITY PART 3

Dear Friends,

So far I have covered almost all topics related to obesity and overweight problems like BMI,WHR,BMR etc.

Now,once you have been categorized as either obese or overweight or for that matter  of ideal body weight,we can now go about how to treat or maintain it. If you are obese or overweight,we have to carry out some investigations like serum cholesterol level,kidney function test,thyroid function test,blood sugar etc. so that we can treat these conditions simultaneously to get the best results. If there is abnormality in reports of these tests,we will have to repeat it again while on therapy in either 3 or 6 months time so that we can judge if you are responding well to the therapy or not.

The things which we do schematically at Raghavendra Clinic  is as follows:-

A]Check body weight and compare it with ideal body weight for your height and age.We then calculate your BMI,WHR and BMR.

B]Check your total body fat composition and calculate your visceral fat quantity.

C]If the visceral fat to total body fat ratio is high,we carry out the test mentioned above.

D] Learn about your eating[diet] habits so that we can calculate how much calories you are consuming unknowingly which is adding to your weight day-by-day.

E]Learn about what and how much exercise you are doing to know whether you are burning sufficient calories or not.

Once the above exercise is carried out,we proceed to calculate how much you have to eat and how much energy you have to spend to get the desired weight loss without feeling weak or drained out. As we proceed day-by-day,you will start feeling the change and feel more  and more energetic than before.

We at Raghavendra Clinic will be offering the services for proper weight management as well as taking care of other co-related conditions like high B.P.,diabetes,thyroid problems etc.

Waist To Hip Ratio[WHR] PART 2

Dear Friends,

In my last post i discussed how to measure WHR. Now that we know how,we will proceed ahead with its importance. As said earlier, WHR for men should be below 0.9 and for women below 0.5. Any value above this points to overweight and obesity. As far as the shape of body is concerned,apple-shaped body is considered as Central Obesity which is more dangerous than pear-shaped body which is also obesity but with  lesser bad effects.

Now we shall discuss what is apple-shaped body is and what harm it can cause. Apple-shaped/central obesity refers to accumulation of fats around the belly i.e. fats in this type of obesity surrounds the internal organs of the abdomen.The waist circumference of men should ideally be below 90 cm. and that of women should be below 80 cm.  Anything above these values can lead to:-

1] Diabetes

2]Hypertension

3]CAD[coronary arterial disease]–a condition where the blood vessels supplying blood to heart develop blocks which can lead to heart attack

4]Obstructive Sleep Apnea —a condition wherein the sleep is disturbed due to difficulty in breathing leading to fatigue during daytime. Person having sleep apnea is found to snore a lot,disturbing sleep of other family members.

5]Osteoarthritis of Knee joint

6]Gastroesophageal reflux disease—increased acidity in the stomach leading to reflux of acid from the stomach into the food-pipe[esophagus] causing a condition often referred to as “heart-burn”.

7]Some cancers like that of uterus,breast[in women]and colon[large intestine]

These are some of the bad effects of central obesity which I will discuss in my future blogs. In my next blog, we will learn about body fat measurements and its importance.

If any of you feel that you may be having any features of obesity,kindly visit your family physician or my clinic for a thorough assessment  and advice to overcome your problem.

Waist To Hip Ratio[WHR]

Dear friends,

We continue from where we left yesterday about Obesity and methods to determine where you stand. After understanding about BMI,we move on to the WAIST TO HIP RATIO.

The picture above shows how one should appear to rule out being overweight/obese.

Coming to the measurements,the picture below should show how to:-

The picture above shows that the waist measurement just below the last rib and the hip measurement is at the highest point around the buttocks. Ideally, the waist to hip ratio should be as follows:-

Males :- below 0.9

Females:- below 0.85

WHR determines the body shape and our ultimate looks.How is this helpful to improve our heath? The pictures below will explain how:-

The picture below shows how a apple shaped body and pear shaped body will appear

We will consider the good and bad effects of both these body shapes in my next post.

WHAT IS OBESITY?

Healthy Lifestyle Leads to a Healthy Life and this can be done by Maintaining an Optimum Body Weight. Click To Tweet

Hi Friends,

Today I am going to discuss a very important topic- Obesity

If you look around most of us are getting fatter or putting on weight by the day. Why is this happening?

Today’s day-to-day life revolves around eating fast-food (which has loads of calories in it) and a sedentary lifestyle (wherein we tend to sit more and walk less for eg.using vehicles for short-distance travel, sitting more in front of computers, etc.). We tend to eat less healthy food (a balanced diet) which used to keep our ancestors fit and trim.

Walking to work was the norm in those days. This new lifestyle of relative inactivity and eating junk foods adds more than necessary calories to our body which gets converted into fats surrounding different parts of our body like our abdomen (trunks),hips(buttocks),blood vessels (arteries of heart) etc.,which in turn make us look shapeless and ugly, breathless while walking, climbing stairs, developing high blood pressure and conditions like diabetes. This condition is called OBESITY.

Obesity can lead to:-

1) Hypertension (high B. P.)

2)Diabetes

3)Osteoarthritis of knees

4] Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver disease [NFLD]

and so on and so forth.

These illnesses can lead to expenses that cannot be foretold but at the same time are avoidable. If you click on the picture shown below, it will show you all the effects Obesity has on different parts of our body.

Obesity side-effects
Side-effects of Obesity

In my next post, I will be discussing the different parameters of obesity and the ways to tackle it.

Dr. K. P. V. Rao's Health Blogs
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